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Bose-Einstein Condensates: The Coldest Matter in the Universe

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Marker Lecture by Wolfgang Ketterle (MIT)
When
04 April 2007 from 8:00 PM to 9:00 PM
Where
112 Forest Resources Building
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What happens when a gas is cooled to absolute zero? A new door to the quantum world opens up because all the atoms start "marching in lockstep", they form one giant matter wave - the Bose-Einstein condensate. This was predicted by Einstein in 1925, but only realized in 1995 in laboratories at Boulder and at MIT. Since then, many properties of this mysterious form of matter have been revealed. Recently, a new frontier has opened up on Bose-Einstein condensation of molecules and atom pairs. The talk will link basic concepts of quantum mechanics with today's research, and discuss the techniques to cool and manipulate matter at nanokelvin temperatures.

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