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Stabilization, visualization and electrical probing of individual skyrmions in helical magnetic nanostructures

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Mingliang Tian, China High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Chinese Academy of Science
When
28 August 2015 from 3:05 PM to 4:00 PM
Contact Name
Moses Chan
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Magnetic skyrmions are topologically stable whirlpool-like spin textures that offer great promise as information carriers for future ultra-dense memory and logic devices. To enable such applications, particular attention has been focused on the skyrmions in highly confined geometry such as nanodisks or one dimensional nanostripes or wires. Here, we report the visualization of the skyrmion chains in FeGe nanostripes and skyrmion clusters in nanodisks by high resolution Lorentz TEM, and the electrical probing of individual skyrmions in MnSi nanowires when the wire diameter is comparable to that of a skyrmion. Specifically, we found that the highly stable skyrmion chain originated from the termination of the spin helix at the edges of the nanostripes under the action of applied field, and the field-driven transition of skyrmion cluster states in nanodisks. Complete T-H or T-W (width or diameter) phase diagram of skyrmions were outlined in nanostripes or disks. These findings demonstrate that the geometry defects can be used to control the formation of topologically nontrivial magnetic objects. Finally, we present the first electrical probing of such magnetic field-driven skyrmion cluster (SC) states in ultra-narrow single-crystal MnSi nanowires (NWs) with diameters (40 – 60 nm). In contrast to the skyrmion lattice in bulk samples, the creation or deletion of an individual skyrmion in the cluster states leads to quantized jumps in magnetoresistance (MR), which is supported by the Monte Carlo simulations.  

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